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2022-08-09
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World class manufacturing needs world-class supply chain

world class manufacturing needs world-class supply chain. This paper expounds this and puts forward the method of establishing world-class supply chain

China is a large manufacturing country, but it cannot be called a manufacturing power. There are many manufacturing enterprises in China, but few of them can be called world-class in scale and efficiency. To become a world-class manufacturing enterprise has become the goal of many enterprises. To become a world-class manufacturing enterprise, we must first have a world-class supply chain

why do you say so? This is determined by the characteristics of world-class supply chain. Generally speaking, the world-class supply chain has the following special punishment standards, which are "more than one time and less than five times the advertising cost". The first review of the draft amendment raised this standard to "more than three times and less than five times":

1. Full information sharing. Supply chain is a chain that connects the final customer and the initial supplier through customer demand. What are customers' needs? It's information. In other words, the supply chain is linked by information, and the inventory of manufacturers in the supply chain can be regarded as the materialized form of information. As many people know, "bullwhip effect" reflects that information will deviate from reality in the process of layer by layer transmission, and this deviation often expands with the increase of levels. This will cause manufacturers on the chain to stock goods according to false information, resulting in a high inventory level. In addition, in the past, the transmission of information started from the demand side, and it took a lot of time, which virtually also led to the extension of the production cycle. Through information construction, fair competition and market environment sharing, enterprises in the supply chain can avoid all kinds of disadvantages of the traditional way, so that enterprises can cross the boundaries of the physical level, get the same information almost at the same time, minimize the "bullwhip effect", and minimize the stock time. At the same time, the transparency of inventory and other information also enables manufacturers to better understand the real needs of enterprises and the actual quantity of goods to be prepared, Thus, the inventory level of each manufacturer in the supply chain is reduced

2. Sensitive reaction speed. What customers need now is personalized products. Personalization often means that the number of each product is not many, so we can only achieve it through small batch production or even single production. At the same time, the demand of customers is also time-consuming, and the trend is shorter and shorter. How to meet this kind of diversity demand in the short term has increasingly become the main problem faced by enterprises. And this response speed to demand is not just for enterprises. Enterprises can have flexible production lines. Different products can be produced on the same production line, but is the delivery of suppliers also flexible? Can you adapt to this change? Therefore, to meet the requirements of the automatic standard force of the electronic tensile testing machine, the supply chain of the enterprise must have such a sensitive response speed, which is not achieved by a large amount of inventory of parts. The world-class supply chain has the basis of information sharing, which makes this realization possible. Only when enterprises have this supply chain that is sensitive to market demand, can they adapt to the requirements of the new situation

3. Obvious cost advantage. Low cost is not only a powerful weapon for enterprises to win in the competition, but also a guarantee for enterprises to make profits. At present, domestic enterprises generally pay attention to their own costs, which often leads to excessive price reduction, making suppliers unprofitable, and ultimately leading to material supply may become a hidden danger of enterprise production. From the perspective of supply chain, enterprises regard the supply chain as a system, and pay attention to the lowest system cost, so that suppliers can get reasonable profits and grow together with enterprises. Under the supply chain management mode, the material cost is only a part of reducing the cost. Enterprises should start from the overall situation and use the advantage of information sharing to examine all links of the supply chain, eliminate invalid links, eliminate invalid labor, and minimize the operation cost of the supply chain, so as to form a unique cost advantage of the enterprise. At present, the foam granulator industry should pay attention to this environmental protection problem

4, successful technology application. Modern enterprises pay more and more attention to the application of science and technology, and science and technology bring more and more benefits to enterprises. Enterprises that adopt supply chain management pay particular attention to this point, and because under the supply chain management mode, the relationship between enterprises and suppliers is closer, so that more suppliers can participate in the development and design of new products, and enterprises can even enjoy the treatment of "tailor-made", so that the new technology of suppliers and new products of enterprises are more closely linked, On the one hand, it makes the products of enterprises more competitive. At the same time, the cost of products can be further controlled and reduced, so as to ensure the leading position of enterprises in the industry

5. High mutual trust. The external environment changes all the time, and various factors continue to affect the development of the enterprise. Under this condition, the survival of the enterprise is more difficult, and a group of partners who can stand together through hardships are needed to support his growth. In the past, enterprises and suppliers were regarded as two contradictory subjects, and the relationship between them was a relationship of interests, sometimes even considered a life and death relationship. In this state, it is difficult to establish a relationship of mutual trust. Under the supply chain management mode, enterprises and suppliers become a community of interests, and there is a relationship of sharing weal and woe (it does not rule out that individual suppliers cannot keep up with the development of enterprises and are eliminated). In this way, the mutual trust relationship between enterprises is easier to establish. When enterprises encounter temporary setbacks and difficulties, manufacturers in the supply chain often support enterprises to tide over difficulties. For example, when parts are in short supply, these enterprises with mutual trust with suppliers are more likely to get the guarantee of supply

it is precisely because of the above characteristics of the supply chain that enterprises have incomparable advantages in adaptability, resource acquisition, operating costs, technology application and other aspects, laying a solid foundation for enterprises to move forward to world-class manufacturing. Mapics puts forward seven key indicators for world-class manufacturing enterprises: 1. Reduce lead time; 2. Reduce operating costs; 3. Meet customer expectations and product quality needs; 4. Improve multi plant and global operation management; 5. Manage and improve production outsourcing process; 6. The time when the new product is put on the market; 7. Improve visibility of performance. These seven indicators are closely related to supply chain management. The construction of a world-class supply chain can greatly improve and promote these indicators

there is an old saying in China that "before soldiers and horses move, food and grass go first". I think all kinds of raw materials and parts needed by enterprises are the "food and grass" of enterprises. Without good supply chain management, how can enterprises act without timely and sufficient supply of these "grain and grass"

since supply chain management is so important to world-class manufacturing enterprises, how should it be carried out? I think it should be divided into three parts: Collaborative Procurement, procurement sourcing and supplier performance evaluation. Collaborative Procurement is mainly through close integration with the enterprise's internal information system, flexible support for JIT, Po procurement, consignment/vmi and other procurement modes, to achieve real-time information sharing, and through electronic interaction means, improve the operation efficiency of both supply and demand sides, improve the supplier's response speed, reduce the inventory cost of the supply chain, so as to effectively establish a close collaborative partnership with suppliers

purchasing sourcing is based on the overall strategy of the enterprise, using electronic means, global sourcing, scientific evaluation, full certification, bidding, and a set of standardized and effective supplier development system to help enterprises establish a strategic supplier system

supplier performance evaluation is a comprehensive evaluation of supplier performance through a perfect supplier performance evaluation system and the use of performance scorecards to achieve objective and quantitative evaluation. It can be combined with manual and flexible evaluation data to form a comprehensive evaluation and analysis, help enterprises formulate supplier development strategies and dynamically optimize the supply chain

these three parts have their own emphasis, but they complement and promote each other. Collaborative Procurement focuses on the information sharing of manufacturers in the supply chain, exchanging information for time (reaction speed), and replacing inventory with information, so as to reduce operating costs. Purchase demand fulfillment enables enterprises to constantly find and supplement new suppliers, while ensuring the rationality of material prices. Supplier performance appraisal, like the metabolic function, focuses on maintaining the good state of the enterprise's supply chain system and continuously improving it. Purchase demand fulfillment provides resources for supplier performance appraisal, which guarantees the smooth progress of Collaborative Procurement, and Collaborative Procurement constantly puts forward goals for purchase demand fulfillment. It is the interaction of these three factors that enables enterprise supply chain management to achieve dynamic balance and continuous optimization, and further help the development of enterprises

according to Martin Christopher, "today's market competition is no longer the competition between individual enterprises, but the competition between supply chains". The construction and management of supply chain has been raised to a strategic level by many international enterprises. Domestic enterprises should also be soberly aware of this. In order to achieve world-class manufacturing, it is impossible to achieve without a world-class supply chain. From this point of view, it is an urgent task for enterprises to carry out supply chain construction and management

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