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2022-08-07
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Application of information technology in the supervision of entry-exit container inspection and Quarantine (Part 2)

in order to strengthen the supervision of the inspection and quarantine system, speed up customs clearance, achieve the purpose of "effective supervision and convenient entry and exit", and alleviate the contradiction of insufficient front-line inspection and quarantine personnel, Huangdao inspection and Quarantine Bureau developed and operated the "Qingdao Port Container Inspection and quarantine EDI platform system" (hereinafter referred to as "EDI system") in may2003, Taking the ship electronic manifest information as the main data source, it has been seamlessly connected with the terminal operating system of Qingdao Qianwan Port Container Terminal Co., Ltd. and Qingdao Minggang company, realizing the functions of electronic document review, electronic information container transfer, inspection and quarantine electronic gate management, entry and exit container statistics, and innovating the new mode of container inspection and quarantine supervision. At present, the system is running normally, and the upgrade of version 2 has been completed

manifest information source

edi system information comes from the electronic manifest information of ship containers declared by the ship agent to the inspection and quarantine, customs and other joint inspection units, and is obtained through the information center of Qingdao Port Authority, ensuring the reliability and consistency of the data source

edi system takes the inspection and quarantine EDI platform server as the core in the network architecture, and realizes multi-party data verification before application for inspection from the current situation through collision correlation and data sharing between the electronic manifest information of inbound and outbound container ships declared by ship agents and the loading and unloading confirmation information of container terminal companies. At the same time, the information sharing between the headquarters of the inspection and Quarantine Bureau and the terminal site office enriches the statistics, query and analysis means of the inspection and Quarantine Bureau for inbound and outbound containers and goods, and realizes the dynamic supervision of quarantine inspection

four subsystems

edi system is composed of four subsystems, i.e. "inbound empty container inspection subsystem", "inbound real container inspection subsystem", "inbound and outbound container statistics summary subsystem" and "system maintenance subsystem". At the same time, all subsystems are seamlessly connected to realize interaction

first of all, by using the electronic manifest information resources obtained in advance, the "Entry Empty Container Inspection subsystem" has realized the flow direction query function for the entry empty containers that have been declared by the inspection and quarantine authority. The containers from the epidemic area are automatically sent the container transfer instructions in advance to the designated area for quarantine treatment. They can be released directly when they are formally declared for inspection, which improves the working efficiency of the terminal

in addition, by using the electronic manifest information resources obtained in advance, the "inbound real container inspection subsystem" can also realize the comprehensive operations such as container transfer inspection and release for the inbound real containers that have been declared by the inspection and quarantine institutions, and issue the container transfer instructions for the containers from the epidemic area in combination with the loaded goods. The inspection and quarantine treatment can be completed once the containers are transferred. On the other hand, it improves the working efficiency of the terminal and reduces the burden on enterprises. At the same time, the "inbound real container inspection subsystem" also inquires about the undeclared or falsely declared goods and containers, and issues the "to be inspected" instruction, effectively preventing the occurrence of evasion and missing inspection. However, after the joint inspection unit of the terminal realizes the joint inspection, the system can also notify the port operation system of the time and place of inspection and quarantine. The port operation system shares and feeds back the information that needs to be jointly inspected by the inspection and quarantine and the customs, and notifies the port operation Department, the owner or agent to implement the customs inspection collaborative inspection. The terminal and enterprises cooperate in the inspection, thus realizing the minimum movement, the shortest detention and the fastest customs clearance of the containers in the port, Achieve maximum efficiency

"inbound and outbound container statistics and summary subsystem" obtains accurate inbound and outbound container information by comparing and correcting the information of electronic manifest and terminal tallying, and makes statistics according to ship agency, country of departure (epidemic area), packaging and cargo name (keyword fuzzy query) respectively to provide support for leaders' decision-making

finally, the main purpose of the "system maintenance subsystem" is to manage the users of the EDI operating system, update the epidemic area code in a timely manner. The following matters must be paid attention to, and summarize the inspection and quarantine operation instructions in a certain period of time

improve customs clearance efficiency bentler Sigri can manage a large number of complex uses to reduce customs clearance costs

according to relevant personnel, the EDI system makes full use of the information flow of ships, containers and goods in the port area, actively monitors the inspection and quarantine objects, realizes the functions of electronic declaration, rapid container adjustment and electronic gate release, effectively improves the customs clearance environment, effectively improves customs clearance efficiency and reduces customs clearance costs, The speed of customs clearance has been accelerated, so that the inspection and quarantine containers can complete customs clearance in "the shortest time, the least movement and the lowest cost"

therefore, with the support of EDI system, the detention time of each container can be shortened by 0.5 to 1 day. Based on the average daily storage fee of 4 yuan for each container, EDI system will generate direct economic benefits of more than 2million yuan for the shippers of 1million inbound containers in Qingdao port each year. Moreover, the indirect economic benefits such as reducing the port charge for container vehicles without dust and sundries, and the loss of production shutdown caused by the goods not being received in time will be more considerable

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